Introduced in April 2011, the Pupil Premium is a Government initiative that provides additional funding aimed at students from deprived backgrounds. Research shows that students from deprived backgrounds underachieve compared to their non‐deprived peers. The Pupil Premium is provided in order to support these students in reaching their potential by accelerating their progress.
The Government has used students entitled to Free School Meals and those who are looked after as an indicator for deprivation. They have given a fixed amount of money to schools per student, based on the number of students registered for Free School Meals and who are looked after by the local authority. A premium has also been introduced for children whose parents are currently serving in the armed forces. This service premium is designed to address the emotional and social well-being of these pupils.